Monday, May 7, 2012

Philander William Straw.

A while back I was ask to look into Philander William Straw.  They were wanting to know just when and how he was taken prisoner and what prison he was sent too.  I was lucky enough to find out, but was unable to tell them any family information on him.  Maybe one my readers can fill in the blanks?  Even though there's no family information I think you well find his service information interesting.

Second Kansas Cavalry.

Company E.

Private Straw Philander W. Residence Brownsville, Nb., Enlisted Nov, 30, 1861, Mustered in Nov. 30, 1861. Transferred to Co. G, January 7, 1862.

Company G.

Private: Promoted 1st Sergeant, Jan. 7, 1862.
First Sergeant: Promoted 2d Lieutenant May 23, 1864.
Second Lieutenant, Mustered in May 23, 1864. Assigned to duty as 2d Lieut. in new Co. D, March 18, 1865; prisoner of war, captured near Fort Gibson, C. N., Sept. 16, 1864.

New Company D.

Second Lieutenant: Mustered out June 14, 1865, Leavenworth, Kan.

The following is a report that tells how he and his men were captured. From this report it was hard to tell if he made his escape. I then looked into the company field notes, and found that Philander W. Straw, with 18, others made their escape. There are no reports on just how they made their escape, just that they made it.

Osage Catholic Mission, Kans., September 25, 1864.

SIR: I have the honor to forward the following details in relation to the late raid:

On Tuesday, 20th instant, 2 a. m., messenger arrived from Cabin Creek, reporting train captured. By 8 o'clock Tuesday stragglers began to arrive, confirming first report. Officers who had arrived earnestly requested me to send subsistence and transportation forward for the relief of the wounded. I dispatched Lieutenant Smith with a detachment and a wagon with rations. During Tuesday p. m. they continued to arrive in large numbers, and were positive that scores on the road would be overtaken and murdered if not assisted. Wednesday morning I placed Lieutenant Brooks, of the Sixth Kansas, in command of all stragglers at this post, and at the earnest solicitation of all officers present started for the scene of disaster with my company, a detachment of the third Wisconsin, and some Osage braves, who had volunteered as scouts and guides, taking two wagons with rations and forage. Scores were met on Wednesday. Wednesday night encamped on the Neosho, six miles above mouth of La Bette. At 2 a. m. Thursday messenger arrived with order to return. By 3.30 a. m.was on the road to Mission. main body with teams arrived in camp at 11 a. m. bringing in over twenty sufferers.

I have succeeded in saving, besides the lives of those early famished, several thousand dollars' worth of Government property. I got five mules yesterday brought in by Osages, whom I promised coffee and sugar for all property brought in. Two men from Companies C and G, Second Kansas, came in yesterday from the Arkansas River. They were taken prisoners at Flat Rock, brought by the rebels within for miles of the battle-field at Cabin Creek, and taken south after the capture of the train and made their escape at the crossing of the Arkansas. They report as follows:

The rebel force was composed of the Seventh, Twenty- ninth, Thirtieth, and Thirty- first Regiments Texas Cavalry, two Creek and one Seminole regiment, and a six- gun battery. They attacked the force at Flat Rock on Friday, having previously murdered the two companies of negroes stationed below.

James M. Carlton, Company C, Second Kansas, one of the escaped prisoners mentioned above, reports Corps. Robert Hampton, Privates James H. Davis, James Ledgewood, Bailey Duval, and Marion Thompson missing and supposed killed; Sergts. John Q. Farmer, G. Gugler, and James M. Nance, Corpl. Andrew W. Davis, Privates Peter Smith, William Stubblefield, Frank Thomas, Ezra Benson, Jacob Milliman, David Beigert, John Van Horn, Thomas Hickey, Amos Taylor, and John M. Taylor prisoners; Private William Pineger wounded and prisoner; all of Company C, Second Kansas. Private Louis Hammer, Company G, Second Kansas, the other escaped prisoner, reports Sergeant McDugal and Private Smith killed; Sergt. John Tuxson and Private A. Frank Corbin wounded and prisoners; First Lieutenant Straw, Second Lieutenant Miller, Sergts. A. Jackson Hanna, and John Bousfield, Corpls. Frank White, Clark, and William T. Ainsworth, Privates Fuller, Riner Yelkin, John Harmon, James Mahoney, Dean; Henry Whiteday, Goodwin, Parker, and Edward B. Test prisoners.

The rebels took over the Arkansas about 150 prisoners, 100 being soldiers, the remainder citizens and teamsters. They left Perryville, Ark., on Tuesday,- instant, with four days' rations. A portion of the force was from Boggy Depot, Ak. They had five negro soldiers prisoners, the remainder they killed, some thirty in number. Of the citizens taken prisoner Mr. Twist, Mr. Martin (hay contractor), are mentioned. The rebels arrived at the Arkansas crossing on Tuesday evening, when they were met by General Cooper with another force to assist them over with the fruits of their expedition and cover their retreat to Perryville. They effected the crossing about 10 o'clock Tuesday night. The above- named escaped prisoners report the rebels highly elated at their success. A teamster from below has just come in, having been without food since last Sunday, a week to- day. He has been lying in the timber mostly, being afraid to venture out.

I remain, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, CURTIS JOHNSON, Captain, Commanding Company.

1 comment:

auntibeck said...

This is a welcome post! I have just started researching 2nd Lt Straw, who is my husband's mother's great-great grandfather. I found the basic information posted here with the exception of what happened after the capture at Flat Rock. I picked up "brilliant Victory" about the raid at Cabin Creek" hoping to find something in it about Philander. He's not named but the group who attempted a breakthrough of the confederate lines at the Union Hay camp at Flat Rock are mentioned and that captain Edgar Barker who led the detachment and 14 others escaped.